The very notion of the farm is associated with the rural idyll, the household is one hundred percent integrated into nature and its resources. A low house, flowers around it, a little further pasture and a stand where two or three cows and a dozen sheep are grazing, a dog barking, a rooster crowing….
The increase in the number of inhabitants on the planet, the need for large quantities of food that quickly reach consumers, large capital that has taken over all branches of the economy and agriculture, has conditioned a completely new concept of the farm. It is, nowadays, usually a modern building, maximally architecturally designed and improved, made of the latest ‘smart’ materials.
The entire area that is part of the farm (auxiliary buildings, pastures, food storage …) are superbly equipped and modernized. Even cattle (cows, sheep, goats, pigs …) have pedigree and genetically crossed in a way to be as productive as possible. This kind of farm meets a lot of human needs, but consumes too much energy, which was not the case before. With energy savings and the maximum need to preserve the planet, it is good to know how to reduce bills and save money on energy consumption.
Ways to reduce energy bills:
Every day, a modern farm needs a huge amount of energy. Heating, cooling, lighting, various types of auxiliary devices designed for specialized needs of the farm (milking machines, incubators, automatic water supply, feeders, pumps, motors, generators…) All this consumes electricity, gas and other energy, and the bills for this consumption are enormous so you need to find a way for lowering energy bills.
1. Adequately designed buildings
When large investors enter the formation of the farm, then the most modern achievements in the field of specialized architectural achievements are implied. All premises related to the needs of the farm are designed rationally, practically and follow the order of daily activities related to livestock. Utilization of every available surface, successively arranged necessary appliances and equipment, saves idle time and energy.
This concept is ideal and involves the use of new building and insulation materials. Also very important are windows and doors that provide excellent protection from all weather conditions. Window tinting is proven method to lower monthly energy bills and you can find more about it at commonwealthwindowtinting.com.
If it is an individual, owner of a smaller farm, he can also improve and modernize his stables, pens, barns and make them better isolated. It may not be possible to do this all at once, especially if older buildings are being remodeled, but any investment of this kind is a great savings and benefit in the future.
For animals that stay more indoors than outdoors, lighting is very important. Many metabolic and hormonal processes depend on the amount of light and it is necessary to provide a sufficient daily amount. Of course, it is best for animals to graze and be exposed to natural light and fresh air, but this is not possible in the long run, especially in winter, on large farms.
Today, there are experts who deal exclusively with the types and methods of room lighting. Depending on the needs of the farm, the size of the room, they will design the best and most economical way of lighting. It should not be noted that the huge saving is in turning off the light at night, not only because of the savings, but again because of the natural processes that take place in every organism during sleep.
3. Heating and cooling
Heating and cooling are two sides of the same coin. Enormous energy is spent on these two necessities and there are rare moments when they are not needed. It is useful to have modern windows in the rooms where the animals live, which have photo gray glass. In this way, overheating is prevented in summer, and yet a sufficient light source is regulated during winter, short and dark days.
It is good to open them, when the weather allows, so that fresh air enters and enriches what the animals breathe with oxygen. Thus, the room I is cooled, so that the inclusion of air conditioning is not necessary.
Night mode of operation of cooling and heating devices saves money, due to cheaper tariffs. Also, built-in timers play an important role, as they can be programmed to a specific time period when the system is turned on and off.
Ventilation is necessary for good health and productivity of animals that spend a lot of time indoors. Their secretions, which contain ammonia and other substances, decompose in the air and evaporate, thus saturating the air in the stables. Also, animals breathe, sweat and all this results in suffocation and bad air. That is why ventilation is one of the unavoidable factors in designing a farm. The already mentioned windows, which can be opened, also regulate this issue.
Ventilation, as well as heating and cooling, should be treated in a similar way. Whenever possible, take the cattle outside, open the windows, and turn on the ventilation when necessary and program it with timers.
5. Auxiliary equipment
All these appliances run on electricity, possibly farms have their own oil aggregates and thus meet the daily needs for these aids. All this makes the bills, at the end of the month, huge. It is necessary to rationalize the use of all this as much as possible. Adjust to the number of livestock and exclude from the system what is not used. Much has been done by mechanical engineers to construct feeders and drinkers that respond exclusively to touch and only then begin to work.
6. Solar panels
Increasingly represented and useful, solar panels and collectors, enable energy independence of both households and farms. Producing electricity in this way reduces bills by almost two thirds, which is an invaluable benefit.
Solar panels are a series of photovoltaic cells and can be used in larger power generation systems. Solar radiation accumulates in the panels and is converted into electricity. There are more and more users of this feature. Depending on the panel and the number of hours of sunshine, the amount of energy produced also depends.
Solar collectors accumulate heat, but do not produce electricity, but heat. They are used to heat water, produce water vapor from which electricity is later obtained. These are absolutely recommended solutions for saving energy and money.
There are never enough analyzes concerning energy saving, nowadays. Resources are significantly depleted, the environment is quite polluted, and the issue of preserving the planet is in every sense, relevant and current.
It is necessary for each individual to do everything in his power to contribute to this problem. In this way, they will participate in the global trend initiated by aware and responsible people, and will reduce their own expenditures to a minimum.