Today, we have numerous types of roses, and new breeds are continually developing in fragrance and variety of colors. Considering that there are many sorts of these flowers, for a Rosarian it is necessary to choose the right type. If you choose to be a rosarian, the first thing you will have to do is to define the class of roses that are able to grow in your area.
Also, a crucial part is to choose the appropriate method for gardening. For successful cultivation of roses, it is necessary to understand the following instructions. These instructions come from the experience of professional gardeners who decided to step forward and help us with writing our article.
As there are around 13, 000 kinds of roses, defining the ideal sort is not that easy. Roses can differ in shape, size, and color. Categories of roses are a Hybrid tea rose, Floribunda, Grandiflora, Climber, Miniature, Shrub and a Tree rose.
When you select which sort you will plant, you will have to be careful when choosing the right form of the rose you want to purchase. You can decide on two options. First is bare roots, which is a plant that you can plant directly into the ground. Another one is an already potted rose.
It is necessary to have proper supplies for the plants in order to maintain them healthy. Among all the supplies needed, we would like to point out pruning shears, gardening gloves, fertilizer, mulch, compost, and a shovel and spade. For each one of these, you can check the local plantation store or some online retails.
Finding a perfect place for planting is primary. That spot has to provide at least 6 hours of sunlight to roses. Also, soil needs to have proper drainage. In case that soil in your garden has a lot of mud, you will need to add some gypsum pellets.
If you decide to plant the bare roots, soak them in a can of water for a few hours before settling. When it comes to a potted rose, you should water it fully before planting. Each bush requires a hole that is 46 cm wide and 46 cm deep. You will have to mix the ground with compost and to add some bone meal or fertilizer.
Caring for Roses
From the aspect that there are numerous sorts of roses, their persistence and sensitivity can vary too. You should notice any special needs of your sort of roses if you want to give them the proper care. Generally, roses need a lot of water to grow healthful. In most areas, it is usual to water them once a week.
Roses require fertilization few times in a growing season. You should pay attention to how much of the fertilizer you use too much can harm the plant. Pruning is an important part of rose gardening because it enables them to remain healthy and attractive. Planting long lasting roses could offer you some relief in caring and tending to your roses.
Protecting Roses from Weather and Disease
During the winter you should tie the plant and trim the canes to 0,6 meters in height. Also, you have to mound compost around the base of the rose and set a layer of straw on top of it. You can remove the compost when the average temperature is over 10 degrees in Celsius.
A problem for your roses can also be mites, but you can solve this problem with insecticides. You must be aware that if you overuse these chemicals, they can harm the plant. Also, using fungicide can prevent the rose from black spots and powdery mildew