People in certain areas love to grow certain plants and trees that provide them with powerful utilities. Moreover, there are all-time vegetables, leaves, and fruits like lemon, tulsi, lettuce, garlic, etc., which people grow to promote and maintain their health.
Some people also grow these plants to get advantages such as price hikes and other related trends. There are many unknown useful plants that prove to be highly beneficial. One of these most attractive plants is the guarana plant.
With great bio properties, the guarana plant and its leaves are highly nutritious as they are used in numerous energy drinks and supplements. A person can find here more about the guarana extracts, benefits, and mainly the steps to grow this valuable plant in their greenhouse.
9 Easy Steps For Growing A Healthy Guarana Plant
The main things and conditions needed for growing this plant are – rich acid soil with organic fertilizer, moist & warm conditions, guarana seeds, plastic pots, pruning shears, hydrochloric acid supplement, and long trellis. The following points highlight the stepwise procedure of perfectly growing and nurturing the guarana plant.
1. Growing Conditions And Environment
Before starting the cultivation process, the first and foremost thing to consider is get a suitable location or environment for planting guarana. The perfect conditions for this plant are a moist and warm environment, usually found in tropical rain forests.
Some semi-tropical areas can also support the plantation process if it contains adequate humidity and moisture. If a person does not find such open conditions, they will be required to design such conditions in a greenhouse or sun space.
2. Obtaining The Right Seeds Or Cuttings
The most crucial determiner of the quality of the guarana plant is the seeds, cuttings, or materials of the plant. The person growing the plant should ensure that the seeds are fresh and of premium quality.
If they do not select the seeds properly, they will not germinate. Buyers can find the plants in Florida or California. Another way to obtain these less available seeds is to connect with a local gardener or garden club if they cultivate these plants.
3. Planting Process
The next step is to plant the bought cuttings or the seeds. Take a plastic pot sized around the 4-inch diameter. The person should ensure that these pots have drainage holes. Now let the pot be filled with water and porous soil.
The seeds should be dipped in water and soaked for 24 hours before planting. While planting, use fingers to slightly dig three holes in the soil (around half-inch deep). Plant the seeds in each of these holes and spread the soil over these packed holes.
Since this plant has a comparatively lower germination rate, experts suggest planting more pots to achieve faster and better results. If a person is planting the cuttings, they should put the cuttings in equal divisions of the pot around 2-inches deep.
4. Placement Of The Pots/Plants
After putting the seeds in, it is time to nurture them to witness their growth. The most effective part of growing any plant is the placement of the pots or plants in the right area. A person should keep the pots in a warm sunny window, room with high sunlight, or greenhouse window.
The surface on which the pots will be placed also plays a crucial part in the plant’s growth rate. Keeping the pot on heated seed germinating mats is important for speedy growth. They can also use lights to give the required heat or temperature to the pots. Another important thing is moisture. There should be enough space for ventilation along with the proper plastic coverage. 65-degrees Fahrenheit is the minimum temperature required for their growth.
5. Transplantation Of Seedlings
If a person notices growth in the plant, they should transplant the seedlings. This process should take place when the plant grows to a minimum height of 3 inches. Again, a moist location should be chosen.
Apart from the moisture, the person should also arrange acid soil with an ideal pH range of 3.5 to 4.5. If it is more basic in nature, mix organic sulfur to make it acidic. When people see more growth, they should transfer them to bigger pots.
6. Proper Support And Care
The biggest mistake while growing this plant is fertilizing. Experts state that these plants should be fertilized as the growing conditions must be acidic. The daily pH value should be maintained (3.5 to 4.5).
Before the fall of the first sun rays, the person should provide adequate water or moisture to the plant. A proper support structure is important since these plants grow to enormous heights. For this support, use a trellis. Moreover, the sunlight should reach all the parts of the plant.
7. Pruning The Plant
It is significant to remove and separate the old and damaged plants from the new and fresh-growing guarana. The pruning process should be done in the second year. In this phase, eliminate any unnecessary branches, shoots, or damaged leaves in order to prevent long-term collapse. The harvesting process should start when the plants grow to an impressive height.
8. Harvesting The Berries
After a decent growth, it is time to witness the results in the form of berries. The harvesting process should kickstart when a person sees that the fruit is orange or red. These berries will be found in clusters. If they want to regerminate the seeds for more guarana plants, they should do quickly, within 48 hours of the harvest. A delay might lead to poor or no growth.
9. Final Process
After removing the fruit from the plant, dry them and soak them in water. After some time, the outer part of the berry will soften and remove itself. Remove the excess water from the fruit and dry it completely on paper towels. After the fruit is completely dried, heat them on medium heat to get the desired product (coffee-like).
While planting a guarana seed and getting the desired fruit, there are many things to keep in mind. The guide provided above gives a detailed and comprehensive analysis of the steps required to grow a perfect guarana plant. A person should follow these steps meticulously to get the best coffee-like product.